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Global Justice for Our Girls: Hashtags and Selfies Still Aren’t Enough

Thirty. Twenty. Fifteen.

She puts up a good fight: struggling, kicking, and biting are just par for the course. Not to mention, she’s used to it; it’s happened before. Ten. Five. She lets out an agonizing scream. Zero.

It’s too late. She’s gone. Thirty seconds is all it takes for a girl to be taken from her world and everything she knows. For the 276 Nigerian girls kidnapped by the Boko Haram in April 2014, life was forever changed in 30 seconds and they are not even aware of the barely consistent tweeting and micro-blogging that has been done on their behalf. Sixty-three of the girls escaped earlier this month, and there are Nigerian governmental attempts to provide reparations. But there is a lot more to be done for the women and girls remaining – in Nigeria and beyond – and hashtags and selfies just aren’t enough.

“Every year, at least another two million girls worldwide disappear because of gender discrimination.” Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl Wu Dunn found this distressing statistic on their quest to shed light on deadly sexism with their 2009 book, Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide.

The chilling reality of sexism in the developing world presented by Kristof and Wu Dunn is one that often keeps me awake at night. Perhaps the most troubling is the lack of meaningful action taken by my fellow Americans who, aside from the occasional hashtag #BringBackOurGirls, or a selfie with a poster, are not immune to apathetic attitudes in the face of blatant sexism – even in their own backyards.

Of course, hashtags and selfies by themselves are not inherently bad. Rather, the problem lies in what they represent. This form of citizen media is indicative of nothing more than a fad and when the trend fades away, so does the concern. Since when did it become okay for the lives of innocent young women to be viewed as “the next big thing?” All of a sudden, it was considered “hip” to care about the wellbeing of women and post a selfie with the hashtag #BringBackOurGirls – as if that is actually going to transport the ladies to a safe home with their families.

The rising use of this hashtag occurred with First Lady Michelle Obama’s own influential selfie. While there can be no fault found in the Obama’s support for the delicate situation, sensationalism can often blind us to the issue at hand. We become infatuated with the idea of taking some immediate military action as opposed to actually acting on our ideals. Hashtags and bombs are not the only options.

I’m not suggesting that we have to get on the next plane heading to Nigeria and demand to meet with Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau, but we can at least take the time to become educated about the true goings on of Boko Haram beyond Twitter and #BringBackOurGirls. Only then can we think logically about our collective role in the struggle.

There are many options we can take to help provide justice for girls and women in Nigeria and worldwide, and we should feel compelled to do so. Of most importance is to actively align ourselves with organizations and activists who are already working against global oppression of women. Such as She’s the First, which sponsors worldwide female education with the intention of “creating our next generation of global leaders.” Another example is Girl Up, which has been active in bringing awareness to ongoing gender discrimination by “uniting girls to change the world.” Then there is my personal favorite, Kristof and Wu Dunn’s Half the Sky Movement, which “turns oppression into opportunity for women worldwide.”

And, our fight against gendered violence can’t stop at man-made, national boundaries. As the release date of Kristof and Wu Dunn’s latest book, A Path Appears, approaches, we must realize a serious injustice: that geographic location is often the only difference between our suffering and their suffering. As a young American woman, I am no different than those of Nigerian descent. That could just as easily have been me – or you – had I been born of Nigerian parents as opposed to Americans ones. Remove the geographic, genetic lottery and an injustice to one looks a lot more like an injustice to all.

How do we make the world safer and eliminate the terror for those of us born without a Y chromosome? No, the answer is not:Let’s hashtag a selfie about it! As well, the answer is not: Let’s send over some advisors and weapons! Our fight against global sexism and gendered violence must remain resolute, but preventing and eliminating gendered injustices, at home and abroad, must center on active participation in and full support of civil society movements already engaged in the struggle.

Uniondale ‘Takes back Community’ with Gun Buyback

By Jeanine Russaw

Published on Long Island Report

On Saturday at Grace Cathedral International, 75 guns were taken in only one hour into the three hour anonymous collection beginning at nine AM. Working in tandem with Nassau County police, District Attorney Kathleen Rice and County Executive Ed Mangano, the church on Jerusalem Avenue has just completed its fourth gun buyback.

“I don’t want individuals [perpetrators] to think that they can at random come into [our] community, just start shooting guns and there is no response from the righteous people,” said Robert Harris, Bishop of Grace Cathedral. “As a result, we will do marches and have programs in our community to let them know we don’t tolerate it.”

The formation of the Nassau County gun buyback program since Kathleen Rice assumed the role of District Attorney has eliminated 3,000—plus—firearms from the streets of Uniondale.

Using asset forfeiture money, the county is able to fund the program with zero cost to its taxpayers.

“We don’t use taxpayer money, we work together with the police department, and most importantly we work with faith-based leaders like Bishop Harris,” Rice said. “They give credibility to our program and ensure that we get as many weapons of the streets as possible.

The major concern for the gun-owning residents of Uniondale is the possibility of being the victim of a burglary. While Nassau County crime rates have diminished by 77 percent in recent years, local thieves are more interested in stealing weapons than anything else.

Detective Sergeant Pat Ryder of the Nassau County Police Department attributes break-ins to be one of the main causes in weapon related crimes and accidents.

“Not every gun becomes a crime gun. Those guns that are left in the home that becomes burglarized may then get taken and used again in a crime later on,” Ryder said.

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No questions were asked of individuals selling their firearms—from handguns to assault rifles—and the media was prohibited from approaching them. Those with weapons in the line around the block from the church took advantage of the right to conceal their identity.

“The number one priority is getting guns off our streets,” Rice said in regards to the lack of repercussions associated with the anonymity of the buyback. “If we allow for people to do this anonymously, we will get a larger group of people willing to bring their weapons in.”

The buyback is only part of the effort to reduce weaponry in the community, and is part of a much larger plan to educate the public on safety issues. The ‘shot spotter’ program exists in Roosevelt along with a number of youth gun safety programs. According to Rice, strict enforcement for violations involving weaponry is still at the top of the county’s agenda.

“The package of putting these programs together leads to a safer community,” said Ryder of the police enforcement program.

A Tale of Two Suburbs: The Formation of ‘East Garden City’ and a Neglected Uniondale

Uniondale, New York— or the “corridor of color” as it has been dubbed over the years—is one out of a mere nine Long Island communities to host a public assistance population that is at least 70 percent of the community at large.

Its school district is currently 99 percent minority, and spans far beyond that of the area designated as “Uniondale” by the 2010 U.S. census.

‘East Garden City’ which was founded on “racist terms,” according to Jeannine Maynard, President of the Greater Uniondale Area Action Coalition [GUAAC], is a nonexistent place except for in the minds of the area’s dwellers.


Members of GUAAC meet to discuss community development on November 9, 2013.

“I don’t think it is a given that they [Nassau Coliseum and surrounding businesses] are deemed ‘East Garden City.’ As a community we are really fighting that there is any legitimacy there,” Maynard said. “There is no legitimacy to ‘East Garden City’ in terms of the local community.”

The gray area now faces pressures from two sides: the underfunded Uniondale whose tax base is at stake… and the privileged Garden City who wanted nothing to do with its eastern half in the first place.


The history of such a concept started with the racial segregation of Long Island in the 1950s.

Enter the inhabitants of Garden City, New York—founded by millionaire Alexander Turney Stewart— who did not want to be associated with the residents of the Mitchel Field Airbase and saw to it they were not associated with the town’s prosperity.

Because the zip code of the navy yard personnel could not be legally changed, it was decided that the name of their community would change. Thus everyone of ‘Garden City proper’ referred to everyone in that area [and those who were not like them] as residents of ‘East Garden City.’

In the meantime, Uniondale was willing to “step up and absorb the kids of families at the Mitchel Field Airbase,” Maynard said. “Garden City did not want them, but Uniondale was more than happy to have them in its school district.”


“I sometimes feel that we [as a multiethnic community] are under fire,” said Mary-Ellen Kreye, Vice President of Uniondale Community Council.

Fast forward to the present and all of the effects this decision with no legal bearing has on Uniondale at large. Various properties and spaces [such as the Nassau Coliseum] that generate decent tax revenue and funding for community programs is being cut and distributed to places such as Avalon Bay, and of course ‘East Garden City.’

“We feel beleaguered, because we are in the fortunate situation of being one of the very few [maybe the only] multiethnic communities that has a good tax base,” Kreye said of Uniondale. “That’s one of the reasons we keep fighting for it.”

In an effort to address the issue when it first arose approximately 30 years ago, Uniondale Community Council hosted its first summit at Hofstra University at the same time the Greater Uniondale Area Action Coalition was forming.

With the series of conversations generated from the summit, it was decided that such an organization was needed to unify areas beyond Uniondale incorporated into both the school district and taxation brackets. Included in the taxing district are six homes in Westberry, and all of Meadowbrook Point, South Hempstead, and North Baldwin.

Nassau County Executive Ed Mangano claimed that resources of Uniondale (such as tax revenue and allocation of property) should be distributed among Nassau County.

The 2010 census states ‘East Garden City’ has a population of 19,302,448…but it doesn’t legally exist.

According to the 1980 census, this is far from the case.


The physical copy of the 1980 U.S. Census. Circled below are then-newly developed areas once a part of Uniondale and Hempstead; Now ‘East Garden City.’


This decision has effects on the Uniondale school district as well. Kids from poorer communities in the southern part of the district are ‘packed into Roosevelt, Westberry, Hempstead, and New Castle.’  Should the tax base of various business belong to ‘East Garden City,’ the school district of Uniondale will suffer a substantial loss to their program funding.

“The northern part of Uniondale has now been named ‘East Garden City.’ Very successful businesses such as the RXR Plaza, the Nassau Coliseum and Nassau Community College want to be called ‘East Garden City,” said Ciara Musson, a senior at Hofstra University.

As a former member of Hofstra’s Center for Civic Engagement, Musson has become very invested in the ongoing struggle between Uniondale and it “Garden City does not even want to be associated with ‘East Garden City’ because they don’t control anything in that area.”


“The most pressing issue in Uniondale is the designation of ‘East Garden City’ community—which we do not sanction,” said Pearl Jacobs, President of the Nostrand Gardens Civic Association.  

It has been said that even Uniondale was in fact called “East Hempstead” once upon a time. So just what is the importance of the name of these two areas and everything in between? What’s in a name, anyway? One word: stigma. That’s why. A name like “garden” provides a certain level of comfort as a suburban habitat compared with “union” on a surface level, but the issue goes deeper than a name when an area is neglected because of it.

For example, the stigma of crime disproportionately compacted in Uniondale/Hempstead is one that plagues the community. This however, is unfounded due to the simple fact that crime takes place everywhere [as is illustrated in the tweets below] and that if more resources were allocated into the Uniondale community, more preventative and safety measures could be taken.

As a board member of the Uniondale Community Land Trust and an Economics professor at Hofstra University, Dr. Martin Melkonian acknowledges the ‘long term agenda’ to stop Uniondale’s tax base from benefiting ‘East Garden City.’

However, he feels Uniondale’s overall development is even more pressing. He would like to see the “eye sore on the corner on the corner of Uniondale Avenue and Front Street” taken down as it is the ‘entrance into Uniondale.’

The need for such revitalization is evident in the appearance of Uniondale. An example is the fact that nobody is able to enjoy themselves in the MLK peace park without being hurt by the debris. It is only ever cleaned when a political event takes place in Uniondale and there seems to be zero accountability on the part of local officials to keep it that way.

“It is very cynical, I believe,” said Dr. Greg Maney, “to have a park named after Martin Luther King, Jr., used only for political promotion and agenda.”


Dr. Greg Maney leading the last meeting of the Greater Uniondale Area Action Coalition [GUAAC] on November 9 in the Uniondale High School Auditorium.

Student safety is at the heart of the matter, but the school’s concern for its liability raises a question—who is this good for? For the students perhaps, to some extent, but many question how this is helpful to the morale of the community they frequent.

As for GUAAC, who is continuing to hold monthly meetings, this issue is far from resolved.

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The first page of the signed petition being passed throughout Uniondale regarding the removing of the name ‘East Garden City’ on its property. “There is no such political entity.”

“The post office does not recognize East Garden City,” Maynard said. “Even if it did that does not legally bind an area to a particular name; the census has no legal value.”

The ‘political hockey puck’ Uniondale has become is unfortunately taking a toll on its residents. Hofstra University senior and Huntington resident Melaine Morgan is concerned for the citizens of her neighboring suburb.

“People that have grown up here [Uniondale] are used to it being called ‘Uniondale.’ They have their memories of it being that,” Morgan said. “To change it would be changing their memories for life. Why change something when it’s not broken?”

Long Island Filipino Community Responds to Typhoon Haiyan



Filipino civilians displaced by Typhoon Haiyan board a U.S. Marine Corps Air Craft.

Photo credit: Anne Henry; Tacloban Air Base

By Jeanine Russaw

Long Island has had its own run-ins with natural disaster—the effects of 2012 Super Storm Sandy are still visible on many parts of the island—but that has not kept its communities from reaching out to those left displaced by Typhoon Haiyan.

The Filipino-American Society of Long Island (Tanglaw) planned relief efforts in advance while monitoring developments of Typhoon Haiyan several days before it reached land and ravaged the Philippines.

Based in Holbrook, NY, this 35-year- old organization exists to “extend all feasible means of support to [our] native land, the Philippines, in an effort to build a more stable and prosperous country.”

Robert Zarate, president of Tanglaw, began Operation Tanglaw: a fundraising campaign for victims of Typhoon Yolanda [Haiyan]. Before moving to Long Island in search of opportunities for his family, Zarate worked at the Philippine Consulate in the late 1980’s and early ‘90s.

Operation Tanglaw is currently requesting nonperishable donations including canned goods and baby supplies in addition to monetary funds to help cover shipping costs. The organization has donation drop-off locations in Nassau and Suffolk counties and is hosting an event on Saturday, Nov. 23 at the Villa Lombardi in which all proceeds are being donated to the Philippines.

However, once things have calmed down and the Philippines have been restored once more, the work will not cease for this Filipino-American Society.

Typhoons are a natural disaster that is “not anything new to us on the island,” said Zarate, who has seen everything from earthquakes, typhoons, and the Philippines’ volcanic eruption of 1991.

Taking a different approach than that of Operation Tanglaw, the International Youth Fellowship (IYF) recently sponsored a winter concert at Mahanaim School in conjunction with the U.S. Fund to UNICEF.

The approximate 400 people who attended this free concert on Sunday, Nov. 17 had the opportunity to make tax-deductible contributions toward the purchase of food, water, medicine, and other basic supplies for typhoon victims.  Several musical selections of the evening were dedicated to the “undying spirit of the people of the Philippines.”

While originally scheduled several weeks ago to collect funding for student scholarships, the destruction of Typhoon Haiyan inspired IYF and the Mahanaim School to again become involved with UNICEF, like they had over the summer.

“People of Nassau and Suffolk are very supportive of good causes. They come to our school and are interested in the education of its students,” said Glen Heil, IYF Public Relations Personnel. “Since we have a very generous and supportive town, why not make this concert about more than our school?”

While this concert may have been the ideal way to aid the Philippines, it almost did not happen. News of the event had been spread at the last minute, primarily by “word of mouth,” according to Heil.

$3200 was collected by the end of the night with $2083 being allocated to UNICEF’s disaster relief efforts. The remaining funds are going toward the school’s student scholarship funds.

Ernest Green, one of the Little Rock Nine, still fighting for more inclusive America

ernest green and i

Jeanine Russaw interviews Ernest Green

Ernest Green—a man forced to walk through a barrage of physical harm, insults, and contemptuous glares to attend school – has lived to see two great moments in history.

“Growing up, there were two things I never thought I’d see,” Green said.  “One was a president who looked like Barack Obama in the White House, the other was a free South Africa led by a Nelson Mandela.”

Green, who addressed the students of Hofstra University on Tuesday, Nov. 5,  was one of nine students who integrated the formerly all-white Central High School of Little Rock, Arkansas in 1957. He also became the first African-American to graduate from the school in 1958.

A living link to America’s civil rights history, Green called on his young audience to use social media to highlight the continuing problems with racism in the U.S. and spread his message of a more inclusive America for future generations.

“Whether it’s the overt activity of Jim Crow laws we had in the 50s or the possibly more subtle racism today, it still restricts people’s ability,” Green said in an interview. “What we need in this country is to develop talent wherever it is and provide a foundation the country will benefit from.”

Ernest Green speaks on his experiences as one of the Little Rock Nine

Ernest Green speaks on his experiences as one of the Little Rock Nine
LIR Photo Credit: Jeanine Russaw

During poignant pauses in Green’s presentation, words such as “leadership,” and “education” echoed among audience members; many realizing  their speaker’s struggle was not “excessive” homework, but  inadequate learning materials and violent confrontation.

Mark Atkinson, fourth year student and audio visual technician for the event said Green made him realize  “the value of [my] education.”

“Hearing his firsthand account of how he fought to have his education makes my own mean so much more,” he said.

For Green, 72, the work is never done. He currently lives in Washington D.C., serves on the Board of Directors for Fisk University and the Board of Trustees for both Clark Atlanta University and Quality Education for Minorities Network.

The lecture, “On the Front Lines with the Little Rock Nine: a Conversation with Ernest Green,”  was organized by the NAACP [Hofstra Chapter]  to mark the 150th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation.

Green says it was impossible to know the outcome when he took part in what became one of the most celebrated events in the Civil Rights Movement. As president of the Hofstra NAACP, Angelica Jackson wanted students to walk away from Green’s visit with “the realization that ‘hard’ wasn’t even the word for them [Little Rock Nine].”

“We worry about the boy who doesn’t like us because we have a pimple on our face,” Jackson said. “They had to be worried about people not liking them for the color of their skin.”

Written by: Jeanine Russaw on November 9, 2013.

New York Youth “Stop Bullying and Speak Up” at Hofstra University

Published on Long Island Report

“I’ve seen bullying.”

“If there is a bully, it [anti-bullying conference] really helps because you know what to do now and you don’t have to be afraid—you can just reach out and help them.”

“I’ve learned to speak up,”

These were remarks made by some of the more than 200 children from four different elementary schools in New York who attended an anti-bullying conference at Hofstra University on Friday, Oct. 25.

The event, using the slogan “stop bullying; speak up,” was intended to educate children on the dangers of student harassment.

Children show off artwork at Hofstra's ant-bullying conference

Children show off artwork at Hofstra’s anti-bullying conference
LIR Photo Credit: Jeanine Russaw

North Shore LIJ Medical Center contacted Hofstra’s radio station, WRHU, and worked in tandem with the university to create a place for the students to engage.

A chief organizer of the conference and an adjunct professor at Hofstra’s Department of Rhetoric, Charlene Sanders, made appearances at each presentation.

“Today’s conference is also based around a dream,” Sanders said. “The dream of Dr. Wells—from North Shore LIJ— in wanting to do something to combat bullying.”

Understanding the issue

One session of fifth grade students addressed the new weapons of student harassment, cyber bullying.

“I feel many of our students are using many different internet facilities such as Facebook,” said Christine Taylor, fifth grade teacher at Northern Parkway Elementary School. “As a teacher, that worries me because that is out of our control.” Many faculty in attendance echoed Taylor’s concern.

After teaching for 17 years, Jo Schoonmaker has seen situations of taunting parallel to the examples outlined by the conference. She says the event brought “a reality” to her students.

Volunteers at the event stressed the importance of addressing bullying. Sophomore Jen Karasik got involved under the advisement of Sanders, and feels that bullying is a part of any child’s life.”You always want to make a difference in people’s lives. Especially young kids, because it starts that young,” Karasik said of the conference’s impact.

Each presentation lasted an hour and a half and was interactive. Kids were asked questions that prompted them to think about the effect bullying has on their peers.

Making a difference

After the end of the first half of the sessions, three girls walked the hallways recounting the tales of the last speaker they heard, and addressing a group targeted by bullies in their school: members of the LGBTQ community.

“People who are gay are afraid to admit it because they are afraid they will get teased,” one girl said.

“I didn’t stand up for my classmates before, but I will now,” said another girl.

Spoken word presenter Peter Volatti worked with students who have been affected by bullying, but he’s also worked with bullies themselves.

“I made them understand that it [bullying] is an awful thing to do to someone,” Volatti said. “Especially when the child can hurt themselves or even worse, commit suicide.”

The conference was seen as effective by both the event’s organizers and those who attended. There are plans between North Shore LIJ and Hofstra for more anti-bullying campaigns and informational sessions in subsequent years.

Written by: Jeanine Russaw on November 1, 2013.

the Unwritten Rules Season Two Premiere: Continuing to Critique Racism in the Workplace



 photo Unwritten-Rules-Webseries.jpg

Published on For Harriet

Aasha Davis once said, “You can still be your true self, even if you are different.”

While acting in her role as “Racey” on popular web series the Unwritten Rules, Davis made this thematic aside in addition to 10 other “Unwritten Rules” for black people—in a predominately white work environment—to follow.

The Unwritten Rules, as it is stylized, has seen eleven episodes (12 if you count ‘The Redux’) and over 18,000 YouTube subscribers since its original posting on April 25, 2012. Based on the book: 40 Hours and an Unwritten Rule: The Diary of a Nigger, Negro, Colored, Black, African-American Woman by Kim Williams, this web series tackled common racial stereotypes and unfair corporate practices in its first season.

“Since I’ve spent the majority of my life ‘being one of the only ones,’ I understand the weight of feeling that you’re representing your culture or sex and that you better not screw it up,” said Davis on the connection she has to “Racey” and the responsibility she holds as a member of an underrepresented community.

As the second season—premiered Wednesday, June 19 at 9 AM PST— unfolds, the audience can expect more complex plots, character development, and breaking down of racial barriers.

While portraying “#NerdyAwkwardPeter,” David Lowe claims to be like his character in quite a few ways…minus the awkwardness. His affinity for black culture is not unlike Peter’s; however growing up with a “post-racial-divide mentality” in conjunction with being a part of the series has shaped how he views racial relations in America.

“Kim has a tremendous amount of bravery to say ‘this is my education and these are my experiences…take it for what it is,” Lowe said.

The production currently takes a journalistic approach, resulting in an atmosphere “where nobody feels offended saying ‘black’ as opposed to ‘African-American,’ so people put up walls,” according to Lowe. “That doesn’t exist on our set.”

On camera, however, that is not the case. Enter Kathy, Racey’s culturally ignorant employer, who’s first outlandish remark to Racey was: “I LOVE your hair! It’s so….whimsical!”

“I do not believe Kathy is racist,” Sara Finley says of her character, Kathy.

“Kathy is insecure and does not like change. She also likes to be in control. When things change in her office and the company she works for, she feels threatened and might say things insensitively, or she may frantically attempt to keep things the way they’ve been. She is also a judgmental person, but that too stems from her insecurity. But she is not a racist and she is not a ‘bad’ person, even though she is not likeable to the audience. I cannot think of her or approach her as racist. I know many people that remind me of Kathy.”

That is what the show aims to address. the Unwritten Rules exposes racial tensions and advises on how to absolve it, rather than “glossing” over it, the way contemporary society often does.

Now for a few more answers that we’re all dying to know!

Cast Member Q&A


JMR: How do you feel about the terms “blackness” and “ghetto” as they are used on the show?

AD: It is the humorous analysis of these types of words that make me love this show. We all understand what it’s like to be described in one word, it can never explain the wholeness of an individual made up of so many layers and experiences. I understand why they’re so easy to use, so I don’t know how, but I would love to see our society mature out of the use of these types of labels.

JMR: What is production of the show like?

AD: One of the many things I appreciate about Kim Williams is she has so few resources and yet she still creates an organized environment for us all to work in. We have a lot of fun but we get the job done. She works with each actor’s schedule if they have to leave for other commitments (which is unheard of in Hollywood). Our last episode we shot was one of my favorite shooting days in my career. We laughed ’till my cheeks hurt.


JMR: What was the most challenging aspect of acting on the Unwritten Rules?

SF: Race is a delicate issue, and even though the point of this series is to make light of it and have fun looking at race and stereotypes, to me I worried about having too much fun with Kathy and offending someone. I don’t feel free to ‘improv’ lines on this series…I stick to them exactly as they are written. That is hard especially with comedy where sometimes you want to just play with stuff and see how it sounds, but things could turn ugly if something came out wrong or was taken in an incorrect way.


JMR: What would you like people to take away from the show?

DL: I’d say the most important lesson to take from the show is to always try to approach difficult issues like racial divides from a place where you’re first and foremost willing to acknowledge and laugh at your own issues of ignorance or stereotypes, and always check your ego at the door.

While plans for a third season have not yet been discussed, the cast and creator of the show have plenty to say on these topics, and will continue to say it.

Jeanine Russaw is a junior at Hofstra University pursuing majors in Broadcast Journalism and Rhetoric:Social Action. She is involved with the Hofstra Center for Civic Engagement. Follow her on twitter @jMarieRussaw or her personal website:

Thanks for reading one of my first For Harriet Clips!

As Always,